Python | Introduction to pandas

Python | Introduction to pandas

Introduction: Pandas is an open-source data manipulation and analysis library for Python. It provides easy-to-use data structures and functions to efficiently manipulate structured data, making it an essential tool for data scientists, analysts, and developers alike. In this article, we’ll provide a comprehensive introduction to Pandas, covering its key features, data structures, and basic operations, along with practical examples to get you started on your data analysis journey.

What is Pandas?

Pandas is a Python library built on top of NumPy that offers data structures and tools for data manipulation and analysis. It provides two primary data structures: Series and DataFrame.

Series: A one-dimensional array-like object that can hold various data types, such as integers, floats, strings, etc. It is similar to a NumPy array but with additional functionalities. You can consider Series as a Single Column.

DataFrame: A two-dimensional labeled data structure with columns of potentially different data types. It is similar to a spreadsheet or SQL table. DataFrame is made up of Series.

Key Features of Pandas:

Data Manipulation: Pandas provides a wide range of functions and methods for manipulating data, including merging, reshaping, slicing, indexing, and filtering datasets.

Data Cleaning: It offers tools to handle missing data, duplicate values, and outliers, allowing users to clean and preprocess datasets effectively.

Data Analysis: Pandas facilitates exploratory data analysis (EDA) by offering descriptive statistics, group-by operations, time series analysis, and more.

Data Visualization: While Pandas itself does not provide visualization capabilities, it seamlessly integrates with libraries like Matplotlib and Seaborn for data visualization purposes.

Getting Started with Pandas:

Installation: You can install Pandas using pip, the Python package manager:

pip install pandas

Importing Pandas: Once installed, you can import Pandas into your Python environment:

import pandas as pd

Basic Operations with Pandas:

1) Creating a Empty Dataframe:

import pandas as pd
empty_df = pd.DataFrame()



Empty DataFrame
Columns: []
Index: []

2) Creating a Dataframe with some data:

import pandas as pd

# Creating a dictionary
data = {'Name': ['Alice', 'Bob', 'Charlie'],
'Age': [25, 30, 35],
'City': ['New York', 'Los Angeles', 'Chicago']}

df = pd.DataFrame(data)


Name Age City
0 Alice 25 New York
1 Bob 30 Los Angeles
2 Charlie 35 Chicago

3) Exploring Data:

# selecting the Name Column
# both synatx will give the same output

# Displaying basic information about the DataFrame
# Displaying descriptive statistics
# Displaying the first few rows of the DataFrame
# by-default print 10 rows from top


0 Alice
1 Bob
2 Charlie
Name: Name, dtype: object
class 'pandas.core.frame.DataFrame'>
RangeIndex: 3 entries, 0 to 2
Data columns (total 3 columns):
# Column Non-Null Count Dtype
--- ------ -------------- -----
0 Name 3 non-null object
1 Age 3 non-null int64
2 City 3 non-null object
dtypes: int64(1), object(2)
memory usage: 200.0+ bytes
count 3.0
mean 30.0
std 5.0
min 25.0
25% 27.5
50% 30.0
75% 32.5
max 35.0

4) Reading Data from a File:

# Reading a CSV file using Pandas
csv_df = pd.read_csv('example.csv')


Pandas is a open-source library for data manipulation and analysis in Python. Whether you’re cleaning messy data, performing complex analyses, or visualizing insights, Pandas provides the tools you need to streamline your workflow and extract meaningful insights from your data. In this article, we’ve covered the basics of Pandas to help you get started on your journey to becoming a proficient data analyst or scientist. Explore further, experiment with different functionalities, and unleash the full potential of Pandas for your data-driven projects.

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