Python | How to Take User Input?

Python | How to Take User Input?

Python’s versatility extends beyond its syntax and rich libraries—it’s also a language that welcomes user interaction. Taking inputs from users is a fundamental aspect of many programs, from simple scripts to complex applications. In this article, we’ll explore the various ways to take inputs from users in Python.

The input() Function:

The straightforward way to collect user input is through the input() function. It prompts the user for input and returns the entered data as a string.

# Using input() to get user input
user_name = input("Enter your name: ")
print("Hello, " + user_name + "!")


Enter your name: BioChemiThon
Hello, BioChemiThon!

In this example, the user is prompted to enter their name, and the input is stored in the variable user_name. Here, the string passed as an argument to input() serves as the prompt displayed to the user. string passed as an argument is the optional parameter for the input() function.

Type Casting for Numeric Inputs:

By default, the input() function returns a string. If you expect numeric input, you should explicitly cast it to the desired data type.

# Type casting for numeric input
user_age = int(input("Enter your age: "))
print("You will be " + str(user_age + 1) + " next year.")


Enter your age: 26
You will be 27 next year.

Here, the user’s age is cast to an integer using int() to enable numerical operations.

Handling Multiple Inputs:

You can take multiple inputs from a user in a single line by using the split() method and then assigning the values to variables.

# Handling multiple inputs
user_input = input("Enter your age and city (separated by space): ")
age, city = user_input.split()

print("You are " + age + " years old and live in " + city + ".")


Enter your age and city (separated by space): 26 Noida
You are 26 years old and live in Noida.

In this example, the user is expected to enter their age and city separated by a space.

Best Practices: Input Validation:

To ensure that the input meets certain criteria, it’s a good practice to incorporate input validation. For example, checking if a user entered a valid number:

# Input validation for numeric input
while True:
   user_input = input("Enter a number: ")
   if user_input.isdigit():
      print("Invalid input. Please enter a valid number.")

user_number = int(user_input)
print("You entered: " + str(user_number))


Enter a number: 1b
Invalid input. Please enter a valid number.
Enter a number: 8
You entered: 8

Here, the isdigit() method is used to check if the input consists of digits only.


Taking inputs from users in Python is a simple yet powerful aspect of programming. Whether it’s a command-line utility or an interactive application, understanding how to gather user input enhances the interactivity and usefulness of your programs. By incorporating best practices, you can create Python applications that seamlessly interact with users, providing a more engaging and dynamic experience. So, go ahead, prompt the user, gather their input, and unlock the full potential of interactive Python programming!

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